North Carolina’s Courier-Tribune provides examples of graduates with therapy degrees who cannot begin their professions due to the entry barriers of state occupational licensing. For example, according to a North Carolina Board of Examiners, speech pathologists must have a graduate degree, pass a national certification exam, and engage in hundreds of hours of additional education and certification activities.

In an effort to improve its finanical condition, New Jersey’s Cumberland County (community) College is exploring the possibility of merging with Gloucester County. Cumberland faces a $2 million budget gap for the year.

Dayton, Ohio enjoys continuing progress in the manufacturing sector, reaching a 10-year peak in employment and posting job growth for 48 straight months.

Kroger introduces a program to support continuing education for all employees who have reached the six-month mark. The Feed Your Future program offers a total benefit of up to $21,000 which can be applied to GEDs, advanced degrees, and professional certifications. Kroger credits the new tax law for enabling expenditure on these programs.

In spite of low unemployment rates in the UK, fiscal experts there cite underemployment (where workers cannot take on as many hours as they wish) as the cause of Britain’s lack of wage growth.

A study of device use by Gen Z’ers finds that 77% of children aged 8-11 have their own tablet. Usage patterns indicate “elementary schoolers use their tablets to take pictures and learn while older Gen Z’ers use them to video chat and search for products.” We wish their future college lecturers the best of luck.

Beginning in 2019, students at California community colleges can follow established course and performance pathways which will allow for guaranteed transfers into the University of California system. The state already has a similar program in place for feeding into the California State University system.

Over 15 years ago, “two-year” colleges in Florida began offering four-year bachelor’s degree programs. Researchers have now found that not only have those programs been popular and successful, they have not pulled students away from traditional four-year schools, as was initially feared. In fact, four-year schools have enjoyed a growth in attendance also. It’s possible that the expanded offerings at two-year schools have enhanced the feeder effect into larger state schools, even as other students remain and complete programs at the two-year schools.

Also in Florida, by a two-vote margin, faculty at Pasco-Hernando State College decided to unionize. We continue to predict an increase in labor vs. administration tensions at schools across the country, creating addtional stresses during an era of unprecedented risk for higher ed.

The Chronicle of Higher Education reports on two studies which find that students who take introductory courses from adjunct, rather than tenure-track, faculty are less likely to take additional courses in that field. One implication, then, is that departments should invest more in their lower-level courses by assigning full-time faculty to them. Some will wrongly assume that this effect arises from an inherent difference in quality of instruction between full-time and adjunct faculty. The actual reasons for this dynamic are more complex: adjuncts probably don’t function as advisors, they may not teach higher-level courses (and therefore cannot “sell” them), they have uncertain term-to-term futures, and they may not even have offices. As a result, adjuncts cannot function as good ambassadors for their fields, even if they are excellent teachers.

The New York Times tells us that researchers have determined “Trillions Upon Trillions of Viruses Fall From the Sky Each Day.” We call on those same scientists to perform a study of a freshman classroom in November.